Doctor of Musical Arts in Composition, Columbia University School of the Arts, 1991. Studies with Mario Davidovsky and Jack Beeson.
Fellowship to BMI Film Scoring Workshop, 1991; studies with Earle Hagan.
Tanglewood Fellow, 1980; studies with George Perle; seminars with Leonard Bernstein, Aaron Copland, John Williams.
Master of Music, 1980; Bachelor of Music, 1979, in Composition, Manhattan School of Music. Studies with Charles Wuorinen, Ursula Mamlock & Elias Tanenbaum. Piano with Hyman Kurzweil.
American University, 1974-75; musical studies. Piano with Alan Mandel; theory with Severine Neff.
Georgetown University, 1972-74, English, philosophy, religion, psychology, biology, theater.
University of Natal, Durban, South Africa, 1972; anthropology, music, dance, drama, literature.
Los Angeles City College, 1971; anthropology (High School Honors Program).
High School: The American School of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Fairfax High School, Los Angeles.